Emergency Medical Technicians are professional providers of emergency medical services in cases such as but not limited to vehicular accidents, natural disasters, traumatic injuries and other medical conditions such as heart attack, childbirth. While most are employed by health care facilities and are assigned in the emergency room or the ambulance, some emergency medical technicians also pursue careers in other settings such as the fire department, the police, or disaster response organizations.
Duties of an Emergency Medical Technician
The basic duty of an emergency medical technician is to provide basic and urgent medical care to patients during emergency situations such as heart attack, pregnancy, trauma brought about by vehicular accidents, and stress or other injuries that arise during natural disasters.
Upon arrival at the location of the emergency case, the technician checks the number of individuals needing medical attention, the type or mechanism of the injury affecting the patient, and the safety of the current scene so as to make sure that no further external triggers worsen the patient’s current situation.
Upon identifying the patient, the technician checks for identification documents that may help in knowing the patient. Necessary phone numbers such as those of the family are called and precautions are made as in drug administration in case the patient has drug sensitivity reaction.
The emergency medical technician is then expected to deliver the needed medical care to stabilize the patient’s situation prior to bringing him or her to a hospital. Stabilization encompasses the maintenance and or instigation of a stable airway, breathing, and circulation. If necessary, resuscitation, bleeding control, wound cleaning and packing, and stabilization of wounded or amputated extremities are also done by an emergency technical technician. In addition, the technician is also in charge of emergency birth deliveries, vital sign monitoring, and administration of medications such as anti hypertensives, anti allergy, analgesics, epinephrine, bronchodilators, and antidotes.
The technician is also expected to have a written report which includes data about the patient, the nature of injury, his or her clinical findings, the procedures undertaken, the medications given, and the vital signs. This is reported prior to the arrival at the hospital in order for the facility to prepare the necessary supplies, medications, and equipment that would be eventually required. The written report is then given to the attending physician upon arrival at the emergency room for endorsement. Check also emergency medical technician educational requirements and training.
Duties of an Emergency Medical Technician: Post-emergency Duties
Aside from the ones mentioned above, the emergency medical technician makes sure that the equipment and supplies used are replaced so as to be prepared for the next emergency and that the ambulance is clean to avoid contamination, infection, and disease transmission.
Since the job description of a medical technician reflects a fast-paced, pressure-packed nature, it is vital that the he or she is capable of thinking fast and accurate when the need for such arises. He or she should also exhibit a confident attitude so as to radiate assurance among the family members of the patient, if present as well as onlookers who may have witnessed the incident.