An electroencephalogram technician, also called as EEG technician, is a highly skilled professional who is trained to operate a machine called as electroencephalograph (EEG). EEG is a non-invasive device that is used to monitor the nervous system by measuring and analyzing the brain wave activity with the aid of sensor attachments to the patient’s head. The job of an EEG technician is to operate this medical diagnostic machine, advice patients during their pretest consultation, perform electroencephalography tests on patients based on physician’s prescription, record the patient’s medical history, calm down apprehensive patients before undergoing the procedure, manually attach from 16 to 25 electrodes to the patient’s scalp, and secure these electrodes with an adhesive. The EEG technicians assist neurologists and other consultant doctors to reach the diagnosis of various brain dysfunctions or disorders including tumors, Alzheimer’s disease, head injuries and comatose patients to determine the brain dead state.
To become an Electroneurodiagnostic technician ( EEG technician ) one should complete an entry-level education (high school diploma or its equivalent) and complete either a CPR (or cardiopulmonary resuscitation) or basic life support (BLS) course from the Red Cross before enrolling in an accredited EEG training program in a community college or trade and technical schools. One can also gain sufficient knowledge and skills from an associate’s degree program in Applied Science in Electro-neurodiagnostic Technology (END) that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP). During this program, the candidate should attend classroom lectures and END training sessions for the duration ranging from few weeks to several months to gain clinical experience. In addition, one should complete on-the-job training through medical technology program that includes neurodiagnostic procedure, physiology, and instrumentation.
The candidate should complete an EEG technician program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs which usually lasts for the shortest duration of 2 years (10 to 24 months). The EEG technicians can undergo on-the-job training at hospitals or private clinics and obtain voluntary certification. On completion of EEG technician certification program including at least 3 years of clinical experience as an EEG technician, the candidate qualifies for an accreditation testing that is officially conducted by the American Board of Registration of Electroencephalographic Technicians. The candidates can obtain credentials from the American Board of Registration of Electroencephalographic and Evoked Potential Technologists. Some employers also require cert ifications such as or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, an average hourly wage for an EEG technician ranges from between $13.49 to $19.90 per hour and an average annual salary is around $41,000 per year. Read more about EEG technician salary.