Urologists are specialist doctors who diagnose and treat problems in the urinary tract and male reproductive systems. They may specialize in seven subspecialty areas, such as pediatric urology, urological oncology, male infertility, calculi, neurourology, female urology, and renal transplant.
Urologists are medical doctors who treat and look after the condition of the male reproductive organs and the urinary tract of both male and female patients. They usually deal with patients who are suffering from problems involving the kidneys, bladder, and adrenal glands. They also treat male patients who have problems with their reproductive organs, such as the external genitalia and prostate.
Urologists are allowed to operate on patients, although they need to know other medical areas aside from their field. According to the American Urological Association (AUA), they need medical knowledge in the areas of gynecology and internal medicine. Their surgery might include the use of radium emanation tubes and catheters. They may also use laparoscopy or lasers.
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Urologists have to train medical and clinical staff. They have to study and document the medical history of their patients. They also need to act as consultants to other physicians and other health care professionals. Depending on the needs of their patients, they may have to refer their patients to other medical specialists when the patient’s condition cannot be treated given the urologist’s experience, expertise, and scope of practice. It is also their job to supervise the residents, nurses, or other health care staff to ensure that patients get the care that they need.
Urologists use alternative methods, aside from surgery, to treat urologic disorders, such as laparoscopy, extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, and laser techniques. They also use equipment, including catheters, diathermy machines, radium emanation tubes, and cystoscopes, to treat lower urinary tract disorders. Since they are licensed medical doctors, they can prescribe and even administer antiseptics, antibiotics, and compresses for patients with injuries or infections. They also prescribe medications for patients with infertility, erectile dysfunction, or ejaculation problems.
As medical specialists, urologists are trained to perform pelvic, abdominal, or retroperitoneal surgeries. They also know how to perform cryotherapy, brachytherapy, photodynamic therapy, or high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to treat patients with prostate cancer or other types of cancer. They order diagnostic tests and interpret their results, the most common tests of which include prostate specific antigen screening, which determines if a patient has prostate cancer. When they examine patients, they could use X-ray machines and fluoroscopes to determine the nature and scope of the problem. They diagnose and treat disorders, such as infertility, erectile dysfunction, bladder cancer, incontinence, urethral stones, prostate cancer, or premature ejaculation.