Orthodontists are specialists who focus on straightening the teeth and the proper facial development of their patients, which includes correcting bites. It is their job to improve smiles and make the patients feel confident about themselves.
Orthodontist examination and treatment
Orthodontists examine the patients’ teeth on their own or via x-rays to determine the extent of the teeth misalignment and find the best solution. They also study the patients’ history, their x-rays, photos of their teeth and history, and plaster models of their teeth to come up with patient treatment plans. They usually straighten or realign teeth and jaws using braces and retainers. They cater to patients who need this dental solution for functional and cosmetic reasons. Orthodontists also fit the necessary appliances for the patients, prepare and keep their treatment records, and provide quotations to the patients. In some cases, they may be required to design labial and lingual arch wires, braces, and space maintainers.
Orthodontists can help patients of all ages. The first step is always to consult with the patients, during which the teeth and jaw of the patients will be examined. These patients are usually referred to orthodontists by general dentists, who notice the malocclusion first.
Read more about What is an orthodontist.
Most of the patients that come to orthodontists for help are teenagers who need orthodontic braces that can be worn for a long period time. The teenage phase is an ideal age to start correcting the imperfections in the teeth and face because it is during this time when both are still growing and developing. It is better to pinpoint and correct the misalignment or any other tooth problem right when it comes out. The braces will help keep the teenagers’ teeth straight and will help them avoid any malocclusion problems in the future.
Orthodontist procedures and techniques
During the fitting of the dental appliance, orthodontists instruct technical assistants and dental officers to help them perform orthodontic techniques and procedures. They also see their patients periodically to adjust the dental appliance to align the teeth and keep their normal function. Their specialist services should also complement with other medical and dental services.
After periodical adjustments over time, when the desired outcome has been achieved, the orthodontist will remove the braces or whatever appliance it is that the patient is wearing.
There are cases when an orthodontist has to perform an oral surgery. This is often required if the dental problem can no longer be treated using traditional orthodontic procedures. Orthodontists need to be skilled enough to deal with teeth problems because they can trouble the patients with intense pain. It might be as intense as labor pains, so orthodontists have to be extremely careful.
Aside from fitting braces or performing oral surgery, orthodontists also treat patients who are suffering from speech impediments, jaw pain, gum disease, difficulty chewing, and sleep apnea.