An oncologist is a medical practitioner whose main expertise of specialization is all about the different types of cancer. He is very much involved in the diagnosis and treatment of the said most dreaded disease in the world today. However some of them only treat a specific kind of cancer as compared to the others who belong to the same kind of a profitable and rewarding career in the complex world of the medical field. There are three types of oncologists. These can be any of the following: Medical oncologists, Radiation oncologists and surgical oncologists.
By definition, a medical oncologist is a physician who is responsible in treating cancers with the proper intake of oral medications. Conversely, these doctors prescribe chemotherapy sessions for advanced types of cancer. Similarly, radiation oncologists address cancerous tumors with radiation treatments. Last but not the least, surgical oncologists heal cancers through a specific medical procedure. They are often alluded to as thoracic surgeons.
Oncologist duties and responsibilities
An oncologist gathers the various and relevant medical histories of his or her patients in order to accurately execute the necessary physical evaluations in accordance to an existing medical condition. Oncologists do perform different medical procedures for diagnostic purposes. Significantly, this medical approach is meant to know and determine the underlying medical conditions of certain tissues if these are cancerous or not. Among their common diagnostic procedures are X-rays and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Likewise, he also conducts biopsies and relevant surgical operations when needed.
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Moreover, this cancer expert highly recommends a series of chemotherapy sessions to kill those deadly cancer cells as soon as possible. Similarly, an oncologist also does chemotherapies and radiation sessions to make it certain that cancer cells will no longer undergo its mutation process in due time. However, if the cancer cells are continuously growing, he/she might advise the patient to undergo a surgical procedure to remove those stubborn cancerous cells immediately.
An oncologist has the main responsibility of figuring out the type of cancer that a person is afflicted with, by means of both a blood and bone marrow testing procedures. Accordingly, this is meant to carefully analyze the health status of the body’s immune cells most especially among leukemia patients. To do this, he or she instructs the patient to do some imaging tests such as CT or PET scans.
A duly certified oncologist can treat these lethal medical conditions through diverse medical approaches or treatment modalities, depending on the progression of these diseases:
Brain and Spine Tumors
Head and Neck Cancers
Oncologist training and certification
A duly licensed oncologist must have successfully completed an MD degree or a D.O degree in the case of osteopathic medical practitioners. As an integral part of his or her training, an oncologist must finish a four-year premedical course in any reputable college or university. After which, he must likewise complete another four-year medical course to earn an MD or D.O. degree. Hence, a postgraduate medical education must also be successfully accomplished to be an excellent oncologist.