Neurosurgeons, also called as brain surgeons, are specialist physicians who focus on diagnosing and treating any problems related to the central, autonomic, and peripheral nervous system. They address any condition affecting the brain, brain blood vessels, meninges and skull, pituitary gland, carotid and vertebral arteries, vertebral column, and spinal cord.
The brain has extremely fragile, tender tissues that make it vulnerable to damage. Neurosurgeons have the difficult task of examining and operating on the brain when it gets damaged by an illness or injury. Due to the sensitivity of the organ, a single mistake on the part of a neurosurgeon will have some serious consequences. As they treat their patients, neurosurgeons have to take on several duties.
Neurosurgeons have to pinpoint what their patient’s problem is, hence the need for a diagnosis. They have to diagnose the condition of the brain and the spinal cord by looking at test results, such as MRIs or CT scans. Only then will they have an idea as to what’s happening inside the patient’s body before they start the procedure.
Check also Neurosurgeon educational requirements and training.
Neurosurgeon treatment plan
After determining the problem of the patients, neurosurgeons must develop a patient care plan. It should be customized as it depends on the case of the patient. They have to lean on their expertise to find the best solution for the patient’s problem. They even have to come up with several solutions, after which they have to present their recommendations to the patients and their families for approval.
Although the name “surgery” is included in the job title of the neurosurgeons, operating only represents a small portion of their duties and responsibilities. They only get to the operating table with their patients after careful diagnosis and planning. They are trained to perform surgeries on the brain, but each case may still be taxing and time consuming for them.
Neurosurgeon pre- and post-operative care
Nurses fulfill most of the patient-care duties before and after the brain procedure. However, neurosurgeons still need to monitor the patients. They have to check the patients before the operation to ensure that their body can sustain during the operation. They also need to monitor the patient after the operation to determine whether the surgery was a success, or whether the patient needs additional treatment.
Experienced neurosurgeons are responsible for training the new neurosurgeons. They may teach doctoral candidates part-time or full-time at teaching hospitals or medical colleges. They usually go full time if they want to take a break from their hospital duties.
It is important that neurosurgeons have excellent communication skills, thorough knowledge of the human anatomy, skills in reading and interpreting diagnostic reports, and great surgical skills in performing operations on the brain.